|Occupational Health and Safety
Workers' Compensation: Claims Procedure (generic for all Provinces)
HOW TO MAKE A WORKERS' COMPENSATION CLAIM
The following information will help you to make a workers' compensation claim for yourself or to help your fellow workers establish a
I WAS JUST INJURED ON THE JOB. WHAT DO I DO NOW?
Report every injury to your employer and to the first aid attendant, no matter how minor you may think it is. Make sure that your
employer and the first aid attendant writes down everything you say about your accident. Keep notes about the report you make.
This is very important. If you don't report your injury right away, it might be hard, even impossible, to prove later that it happened
If you go to a doctor, your employer must report your injury to the Workers' Compensation Board (WCB). In some provinces the
WCB has a different name. Check the list at the end of this booklet for the right name for your province.
A work-related injury can be something that happens over time. For example, you might think it's normal to have back pain or wrist
pain because you have it all the time. You might not connect your pain with your job because you didn't have an "accident". But in
fact, your back pain could be caused by heavy or awkward lifting at work. Your wrist pain could be caused by repetitive motion. You
therefore should apply for workers' compensation for these types of injuries.
WHO DO I REPORT MY INJURY TO AT WORK?
Report to your supervisor and the first aid attendant if you are injured at work. If you cannot report right away, report before the
end of your shift. Get the names of any of your co-workers who saw you get hurt. If no one saw you get hurt, make sure you tell
someone about it right away.
DO I HAVE TO BE TREATED BY THE COMPANY DOCTOR?
No. You have the right to choose the doctor you want. You do not have to be treated by the company doctor. In some provinces the
company can ask you to go to their doctor. If you refuse, the company can appeal. However, if the WCB tells you to see one of their
doctors, you have to go or you will be cut off benefits. Make sure you see your doctor regularly, every couple of weeks or so, or you
may be cut off WCB benefits.
WHAT SHOULD I DO AFTER I REPORT MY INJURY TO MY EMPLOYER?
First, go to a doctor. See your family doctor, or a doctor at your local hospital or community health clinic.
There will be a number of forms that you will have to deal with after you report your injury to your employer. The form numbers
used in this booklet are the ones used in most provinces. But some provinces, such as Manitoba, use different numbers.
- Doctor's First Report, Form 8
First, go to a doctor. See your family doctor, or a doctor at your local hospital or community health clinic.
There will be a number of forms that you will have to deal with after you report your injury to your employer. The form
numbers used in this booklet are the ones used in most provinces. But some provinces, such as Manitoba, use different
- Worker's Report of Injury, Form 6
If your employer has reported that you lost time from work because of your injury, the WCB will send you a Form 6. You will
have to fill it out and return it. If you have trouble filling in this form, get help from your CAW workers' compensation or benefit
If you telephone the WCB, they may send you the form. Your union WCB or benefit rep may have a Form 6 for you to fill out or
the company may have one for you to fill out. Even if you don't have a Form 6 you could write to them first in order to speed
things up. Given them your name, address, social insurance number, and your date of birth. Describe your accident. Give
information about the job you were doing at the time you were hurt. Give the names of anyone who saw you get hurt. Give
as much detail as possible about what parts of your body were hurt. You will still have to fill in a Form 6 but contacting the
WCB early may see your claim accepted sooner.
WHAT SHOULD I SAY IN MY REPORT TO THE WCB?
Whether you wait for the WCB to send you a Form 6, or you write to them before you get it, you will have to write a report of your
accident. Give a lot of detail.
For example, don't just say "I fell and hurt myself". Say, "I was walking through the plant in the assembly division. I stepped in
some oil that was on the floor. My right leg went forward and I lost my balance. I fell backwards. I hit my shoulder on the machine. I
hurt my right shoulder on the machine. When I landed on the floor, I hurt my right wrist, my neck, and my right hip."
Keep a photocopy of the Form 6. Keep notes on all telephone calls you may have with anyone from the WCB. They will. Keep copies
of all letters you get from the WCB.
DOES MY EMPLOYER HAVE TO MAKE A REPORT?
Yes. Your employer has to report any injury that needs more than very minor first aid to the WCB. Once you report your accident,
your employer has 3 business days to file a report. This report is called the Employer's Report of Accident, Form 7. This form is
important to you because it gives the WCB information that affects your claim. It will affect the amount of money you might get in
WCB benefits. It also gives the WCB an idea whether or not your employer will be fighting your claim.
Ask your employer for a copy of the Form 7. If your employer will not give it to you, get it from the WCB or through your union.
WHAT SHOULD I LOOK FOR ON THE FORM 7?
Check to make sure that your employer has correctly reported the amount of money you make. Since this report is what the WCB
will use to decide how much money they will give you in benefits, it is important that it is right.
Once your employer has completed the Form 7, it should include information like:
- hourly wage or salary
- shift premiums
- overtime pay
- lead hand pay
- travel allowances
- living allowances
- money value of any benefits package - drug plans, dental plans, or pension plans, and
- anything else that can be estimated in terms of money. For example, every year your employer gives everyone a Christmas
Check that your employer has correctly reported:
- your income tax net claim code
- the details of your accident and the parts of you that were hurt.
Write to the WCB and let them know if:
WHAT HAPPENS WHEN THE WCB GETS A REPORT OF MY INJURY?
- there is a mistake on the form
- your employer hasn't included some of the things mentioned here on the form
- your co-workers get any retroactive pay raises after you were injured (this may or may not be taken into account)
Once the WCB gets a Form 6, a Form 7, or a Form 8, they will open a claim file on you. They will give you a claim number. Use this
claim number whenever you contact them. Getting a claim number does not mean that you will get benefits.
Every time you talk to someone at the WCB, that person will make a note of the conversation and put the note in your file. Every
time you write to the WCB or they write to you, a copy of the letter will go into your file. Medical reports and other papers relating to
your claim will also be in your file. If you need to make an appeal, your CAW WCB rep will need to get a copy of this file.
WHAT DO I DO IF MY EMPLOYER DOESN'T FILE A REPORT?
You should file your report anyway. Make sure your doctor sends in his or her report. The WCB can begin to look at your claim
without your employer's report.
If your employer doesn't file their form within 3 business days, they may be fined.
I WAS STILL ABLE TO WORK. CAN I GET BENEFITS FROM THE WCB?
Yes. There are two types of WCB claims. Lost time claims are for payment of lost wages and medical expenses. No lost time claims
cover medical expenses. Medical expenses can be:
- doctor's bills
- other therapy
- prescription drugs
- artificial aids such as hearing aids or braces
- travel costs to get back and forth to your treatment
- clothing allowance if a brace or wheelchair damages your clothing
You have to pay these expenses and then ask the WCB for the money back. Get receipts for everything. Keep track of your mileage.
Send these to the WCB. Keep copies of everything, in case the WCB loses something. Make sure your physiotherapist or
chiropractor sends in forms to the WCB so they know you've gone for treatment.
WHAT HAPPENS IF THE WCB TAKES A LONG TIME TO DECIDE ON MY CLAIM?
WHERE CAN I GET MONEY TO LIVE ON UNTIL THEM?
There are a number of places that you can go to for help while you are waiting for your WCB claim to be decided. Apply for
everything. They'll let you know if you are not eligible.
- Sickness and accident (weekly indemnity) benefits through work
- Unemployment insurance sick benefits
- Canada Pension Plan total disability benefits
If you apply for these other kinds of benefits, you must let them know that you feel your injury or illness is work related and that
you are applying for WCB benefits.
They will probably tell you to sign an assignment of benefits or subrogation of benefits form. This form is a promise to pay back the
money you receive from them once you get it from the WCB.
IS THERE A TIME LIMIT ON MAKING A WCB CLAIM?
It is best to make your workers' compensation claim as soon as possible after your accident. In some provinces you must apply
within 6 months.
WHAT SHOULD I DO IF MY EMPLOYER TRIES TO GET ME TO TAKE SICK PAY INSTEAD OF MAKING A WCB CLAIM?
Do not let your employer talk you out of making a WCB claim. If your injury is related to your work, you should claim WCB benefits.
WCB benefits are often higher than benefits under other plans. Also, if your injury reoccurs, you are far better off with a WCB claim
established in the first place.
WHAT ELSE MUST MY EMPLOYER DO?
In most provinces, the law says your employer must:
- pay you for the day you were injured
- pay for you to go to a hospital or a doctor, or to your home
- in Ontario, keep up their benefit plan payments for you for health care, life insurance, or pensions for one year
- in Ontario and Quebec, re-employ you if you are able to return to work withing two years.
CAN I APPEAL A DECISION TO DISALLOW MY CLAIM?
Yes. Contact your CAW WCB or benefit rep for assistance in processing your appeal.
WHERE CAN I GET HELP?
Your workplace should have a CAW WCB or benefit rep to assist you. If not, call your local union who should have someone to help
you. The National Union provides training to workplace and local union WCB reps to learn how to help members with WCB problems.
The information provided above describes workers' compensation provisions in effect for nearly all provinces. However, some
details in some provinces may differ slightly so please check with your CAW Local Union WCB Representative; CAW Local
Chairperson or Shop Steward; CAW Workplace Benefit Representative or your CAW Regional Representative to be sure. You
may also read more by accessing your Provincial Workers' Compensation Board and/or contacting them directly at the contact
numbers/address they provide.
Click on the Provinces below to access your appropriate Workers' Compensation Board:
British Columbia www.worksafebc.com
New Brunswick www.whscc.nb.ca
Nova Scotia www.wcb.ns.ca
National Office of the Association of the of the Workers' Compensation Boards of Canada
Workers' Compensation - Return to Work Checklist
Source: CAW Health, Safety & Environment Department