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March 1, 2008
March 2 to March 8 is International Women's Week
March 2 to 8, 2008 is International Women's Week (IWW), with the highlight of the week being March 8: International
Women's Day
.  Established in 1977 by the United Nations, this special day provides an opportunity to celebrate the
progress made to advance equality for women and to assess the challenges that remain.  This special day also
provides an opportunity to consider steps to bring about equality for women in all their diversity.  Canadians will
celebrate
International Women's Week from Sunday, March 2 to Saturday, March 8, 2008, with the highlight being
International Women's Day on March 8.

The idea of having an international women's day was first put forward at the turn of the 20th century amid rapid world
industrialization and economic expansion that led to protests over working conditions.  Women from clothing and
textile factories staged one such protest on 8 March 1857 in New York City.  The garment workers were protesting
what they saw as very poor working conditions and low wages.  The protesters were attacked and dispersed by
police.  These women established their first labor union in the same month two years later.

More protests followed on March 8th in subsequent years, most notably in 1908 when 15,000 women marched
through New York City demanding shorter hours, better pay and voting rights.
In 1910, the first international women's conference was held in Copenhagen by the Socialist International and an 'International Women's Day' was established,
which was submitted by the important German Socialist Clara Zetkin.  The following year, IWD was marked by over a million people in Austria, Denmark,
Germany and Switzerland.

Among the relevant historic events, International Women's Day it commemorates the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire at New York in 1911, where over 140
women lost their lives.  A lack of safety measures was blamed for the high death toll.

On the eve of World War I, women across Europe held peace rallies on March 8, 1913.

Demonstrations marking International Women's Day in Russia proved to be the first stage of the Russian Revolution of 1917. Following the October
Revolution, the Bolshevik feminist Alexandra Kollontai persuaded Lenin to make it an official holiday, and during the Soviet period it continued to celebrate "the
heroic woman worker".

However, the holiday quickly lost its political flavour and became an occasion for men to express their sympathy or love to the women around them - somewhat
similar to Western Mother's Day and Valentine's Day mixed together.  The day remains an official holiday in Russia (as well as in Belarus, Macedonia, Moldova,
and Ukraine), and is observed by men congratulating women (any woman) and giving them flowers and gifts.

The 2005 Congress (conference) of the British Trades Union Congress overwhelmingly approved a resolution calling for IWD to be designated a public holiday
in the United Kingdom.

On December 6th each year in Canada, Canadians remember the 14 women who were violently murdered in 1989 at the Ecole Polytechnique in Montreal.  
Each year, the CAW pledges to continue its work of eliminating violence against women and demands government action to stop such violence.

This March 8th - Celebrate the Struggles, the Achievements and the History of
International Women's Day!

On this International Women’s Day, the Canadian Labour Congress (CLC) will launch a year-long campaign,
“Equality! Once and For All!”, which is aimed at
improving women’s economic equality.

Related:   Celebrate International Women’s Day: March 8 2008 - “Equality! Once and For All!”
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